At the invitation of President Xi Jinping of the people‘s republic of China, president Hamid Karzai of the Islamic republic of Afghanistan paid a state visit to china and attended the opening ceremony of 5th meeting of the Eruo-Asia Economic Forum on 25-28 September 2013.
During the visit, President Xi Jinping held talks, and Premier Li keqiang and Vice Premier Wang Yang had separate meetings with President Karzai. In a cordial and friendly atmosphere, the leader from both sides had an in-depth exchange of views on bilateral relations, regional and international issues of common interest and reached broad consensus.
The two sides believed that the Treaty of Good-neighborliness and Friendly Cooperation Between the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and the People‘s Republic of China signed on 19 June 2006 and the Joint Declaration Between the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and the People’s Republic of China on Establishing Strategic and Cooperative Relations issued on 8 June 2012 have major significance in the development of the relations between two countries. Amidst the profound and complex changes in the regional and international situation. The two countries should, from a strategic and long – term perspective, further deepen China- Afghanistan Strategic and Cooperative Partnership.
1. The two sides agreed that deepening the Strategic and Cooperative Partnership served the common wishes of the two peoples and the fundamental interests of the two countries. The two sides would continue to strengthen their cooperation in the political, economic, cultural and security fields, and international and regional affairs, i.e, the five pillars of the bilateral cooperation, so as to enrich the content of the China – Afghanistan Strategic and Cooperative Partnership.
2. The two sides agreed to strengthen the high – level exchanges and consolidate the political mutual trust. The two sides would promote the exchanges between their leaders, including arranging meetings between the leaders on multilateral occasions, where they would be able to exchange views on the bilateral relations and major international and regional issues and enhance strategic communications. The two sides would further promote the exchanges and cooperation between the governments, legislatures and political parties of the two countries, with a view to increasing mutual understanding and trust.
The two sides undertook to firmly support each other on issues Concerning national sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity, and not allow their respective territory to be used for any activities targeted against the other side. The Afghan side reaffirmed that it is committed to the one-China policy and the government of the People’s Republic of China is the sole legal government representing the whole China, and expressed its firm support for China’s positions on the Taiwan, Tibet-related, Xinjiang-related and other major issues concerning China’s core interests. The Chinese side reaffirmed its commitment to respect Afghanistan’s independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity and national unity, and reiterated its respect for Afghan people’s choice of development path suited to their national conditions. The two sides believed that, with the determination of the Afghan people, as well as the support and cooperation from its regional and international partners, Afghanistan would achieve peace, stability and development at an early date.
3. The two sides agreed to make full use of the China-Afghanistan Joint Committee on Economy and Trade, exploring ways to expand and deepen bilateral cooperation on trade and investment. The two sides agreed to strengthen pragmatic cooperation in such fields as resources and energy development, infrastructure development and agriculture. The Chinese side would continue to encourage capable Chinese enterprises to participate in the construction and development of Afghanistan. The two sides agreed on the importance of the Aynak copper
mine project and the Amu Darya Basin oil project in Afghanistan’s independent economic development. The two sides would make joint effort for substantial progress in the two projects, so as to help grow local economy and improve the people’s life.
The Chinese side reaffirmed its support for the peaceful reconstruction process in Afghanistan. It would as always provide assistance to Afghanistan within the realm of its capabilities. As agreed, the Chinese government would provide 200 million RMB grant to the Afghan government for 2013 and the two sides signed the Agreement on Economic and Technical Cooperation between the Government of the People’s Republic of China and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. The Afghanistan side appreciated China’s selfless assistance for Afghanistan’s peaceful reconstruction over the years.
4. The two sides agreed that they would work vigorously to promote exchanges and cooperation in the cultural, educational, health, media and other fields, and carry out people-to-people exchanges in various forms to further enhance understanding and friendship between the two peoples. The two sides would create favorable conditions for deepening and expanding the above-mentioned exchanges and cooperation. The Chinese side welcomed the Afghan side to send art troupe and cultural experts to the 13th Asian Art Festival in Kunming this November. The Chinese side would, following the conclusion of the training programs in trade, finance and agriculture, provide training in education and Hydraulic engineering within this year, and would provide facilities, including government-sponsored scholarships, to more Afghan youths to study in China, support Chinese language education in Afghanistan and encourage exchanges between university of the two countries. Both sides welcome the signing of the MoU between the Shaanxi Normal University of China and the Kabul University of Afghanistan. The Chinese side would use the bilateral and multilateral channels to strengthen pragmatic cooperation with the Afghan side in traditional medicine, disaster medicine, new infectious diseases, etc.
5. The two sides expressed strong rejection of all forms of terrorism, extremism, separatism and organized crimes. The two sides agreed to sign the Treaty between the Government of the People’s Republic of China and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan on Extradition. The two sides also agreed to intensify exchanges and cooperation in the security field by way of jointly combating such transnational threats as illegal immigration, trafficking in persons and illegal arms and drug trafficking, enhancing intelligence exchanges and border management, and strengthening cooperation in non-traditional security fields such as disaster prevention and mitigation. The Afghan side reiterated its continued and firm support for China in combating the “East Turkistan Islamic Movement”, and readiness to take tangible measures to enhance the security of Chinese institutions and people in Afghanistan. China supports Afghan government in its efforts to fight the “three forces”, and strengthen stability and security in Afghanistan.
6. The two sides pointed out that in response to the profound and complex changes in regional and international situation, China and Afghanistan would enhance coordination and cooperation within international and regional institutions. The two sides agreed to stay committed to cooperation in the Istanbul Process with a view to building confidence at the regional level and enhancing peace, stability and development in Afghanistan and the whole region. The Afghan side expressed appreciation to China for hosting the Fourth Ministerial Meeting of Istanbul Process in 2014. The Chinese side re-confirmed their participation in Counter-Narcotics, Counter-Terrorism and Disaster Management CBMs and indicated their interest in playing an even more active role in implementation of these CBMs. Both sides agreed that the Heart of Asia/ Istanbul Process provides a suitable platform for regional cooperation a unique opportunity to promote peace and stability in Afghanistan and in the region. The two sides call for a stronger role by the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) in supporting the peace and reconciliation process in Afghanistan and welcomed Afghanistan’s greater participation in the cooperation with the SCO as an observer. The Afghan side welcomed China’s participation in SAARC as an observer and the two sides agreed to further their coordination and cooperation in the framework of SAARC. The two sides also agreed to continue enhancing their communication and coordination under the United Nations and other multilateral frameworks.
7. The two sides agreed that peace and stability in Afghanistan serve the fundamental interests of Afghan people, and are common wishes of regional countries. The Chinese side expressed support for the Afghan- led, Afghan- owned reconciliation process, and readiness to countries to play a constructive role. The Chinese side pledged continued efforts to push forward the China – Afghanistan- Pakistan trilateral dialogue and other mechanism, and support Afghanistan in improving and developing its relations with regional countries. The Afghan side appreciated and welcomed the constructive role of the Chinese side in relation to Afghanistan.
8. The deepening of China – Afghanistan strategic and cooperative partnership is aimed to further enhance the traditional friendship and cooperation between the two countries and promote peace, stability and development in the region and world at large.
Beijing, 27 September 2013