The Desk for Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO):
SCO, established in 2001, has six member states: People’s Republic of China, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyz Republic. SCO works towards promoting good-neighborly relations among member states, effective cooperation in political, economic and cultural aspects, and maintain and ensure peace and stability in the region. Afghanistan became an observer member of SCO in 2012, aiming to play an important role in the organization in near future. Former President, H.E. Hamid Karzai, has backed greater SCO participation in reconstruction and stabilization efforts in Afghanistan. In particular, extremism, terrorism, and drug trafficking have continued to pose serious threats to both Afghanistan and the region, the SCO member states are eager to assist in stabilizing counter terrorism efforts in Afghanistan.