About Afghanistan

Country Profile

Official Name: Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan Location & Size: Afghanistan is a 652,864 sq. km. (249,935 sq. mi.) landlocked country situated at the hub of South Asia and Central Asia. It has a population of approximately 28.6 million people (2016). To the south and east, Afghanistan shares a border with Pakistan; to the west, it shares a border with Iran, and its northern border touches the Central Asian countries of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan. In the far northeast, it shares a border with China. Founding: Afghanistan achieved independence and freed itself from British control over its foreign affairs in 1919, following the Third Anglo-Afghan War. The Treaty of Rawalpindi granted Afghanistan sovereignty, which was declared on August 19, 1919 by King Amanullah Khan. Government: Islamic Eimrate of Afghanistan – Led by Amir al-mu’minin Sheikh Hibatullah Akhnazadeh Capital: Kabul is the capital of Afghanistan with a population of about 4.5 million. Provinces: 34 (see list) Natural Resources: Afghanistan has an abundance of natural resources, among them: natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromate, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones like emeralds, rubies, and lapis lazuli. Ethnic Diversity: Afghanistan has been a land of diverse peoples for centuries. The country’s constitution officially recognizes 14 ethnic groups: Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Baluch, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pamiri, Arab, Gujar, Brahui, Qizilbash, Aimaq, and Pashai. Pashto and Dari are Afghanistan’s official languages. Afghanistan’s Constitution stipulates that all other languages are “official” in the areas in which they are spoken by a majority of the population. Currency: The “Afghani” (AFN) is the national currency, with an exchange rate of about 69 Afghanis to $1 USD. For more information, visit www.dab.gov.af Country Telephone Code: +93 Domain Extension: .af – For domain registration, visit www.nic.af

34 (see list)

Natural Resources:


Afghanistan has an abundance of natural resources, among them: natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromate, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones like emeralds, rubies, and lapis lazuli.

Ethnic Diversity:

Afghanistan has been a land of diverse peoples for centuries. The country’s constitution officially recognizes 14 ethnic groups: Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Baluch, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pamiri, Arab, Gujar, Brahui, Qizilbash, Aimaq, and Pashai. Pashto and Dari are Afghanistan’s official languages. Afghanistan’s Constitution stipulates that all other languages are “official” in the areas in which they are spoken by a majority of the population.

Currency:

The “Afghani” (AFN) is the national currency, with an exchange rate of about 69 Afghanis to $1 USD.
For more information, visit www.dab.gov.af

Country Telephone Code:

+93
Domain Extension:
.af – For domain registration, visit www.nic.af