Biography of H.E. Zarar Ahmad Osmani
Foreign Minister-designate of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Mr. Zarar Ahmad Osmani son of Alhaj Wakil Mir Mohammad Osman, was born in Khwaja Sayaran Village, Parwan Province in 1964. He completed his primary education at Sayed Jamaluddin Afghan School and his secondary education at Mohammad Osman Khan-e-Parwani Vocational School. He graduated from Habibia High School and after passing the entrance exam, entered Kabul Polytechnical University where he continued with his studies until the second half of the third year.
In 1987, while still a student, he and his brother, who was a prominent Jihadi commander of Parwan province, were ambushed by forces of the then communist regime. During this ambush, his brother Mir Ali Ahmad, was martyred with two of his companions and Minister Osmani was arrested by the regime forces. He was sentenced to 20 years imprisonment on charges of armed operation against the regime and association with Mujahedeen. He was sent to the Pul-e-Charkhi Prison.
In late 1987, while serving in the gruesome prison of Pul-e-Charkhi, he was part of a prisoner exchange that resulted in his release. Afterward, he joined the North Front and engaged in Jihad.
During the Jihad years, he served in various capacities in cultural, political and logistics fields. Shortly after the victory of Mujahedeen, he served as Deputy Chief of Staff at the Ministry of National Defense.
On 13 March 1994, Minister Osmani was appointed Chief of Police of Parwan province. During his tenure as Chief of Police, he restored the police headquarters and established police units, which heralded a message of peace and security to the people of Parwan province.
Between 1998 and 2002, he served as First Secretary and, later, Head of the Embassy of Afghanistan in Tehran. In his role as an experienced diplomat, he undertook to preserve the national interests of the country and became an advocate of his people’s rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran.
After the establishment of the Interim Administration, as per order of the president dated 9 February 2004, Minister Osmani was appointed as Governor of Parwan where he served until 2005.
His significant achievements as governor included efforts to improve security, implement reconstruction programs and projects in Parwan province as well as to attract public and government officials’ confidence.
On 9 February 2006, Minister Osmani was appointed as a Deputy Minister of Interior Affairs, where he also served as Acting Minister of Interior Affairs for some time. As a result of his constructive role in the security structures’ reform, particularly in revival of the National Police, and with the establishment of the first elected Parliament, the President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan proposed his nomination as the Interior Minister to be included within the composition of the cabinet to receive the vote of confidence from the Parliament. After receiving 186 votes of confidence from the Lower House of Parliament, he was appointed as Minister of Interior Affairs on 8 April 2006 and continued to work in this position until 11 October 2008.
During his tenure as Minister of Interior Affairs, he worked diligently to rehabilitate, train and equip the National Police. His achievements as Minister of Interior Affairs include the following:
• Codification of Internal Security Strategy
• Development of strategic activities of the Ministry of Interior Affairs
• Implementation of successful reform within the National Police. In the past, senior officers and chiefs of provincial and district police were appointed based on political relations and local affiliations, so that in practice they preferred their personal and regional interests rather than the law and national interests. Thus, the reform has provided a framework so that the senior police officers are selected based on the statutory criteria and their performance should be controlled and monitored in terms of ensuring order and law enforcement.
• Rehabilitation of the Police Academy and other Police Training Centers for the training of police and improvement of their professional skills.
• Establishment of Higher Education Center in Maidan Wardak
• Establishment of Education Centers for police training in Mazar-e-Sharif, Adraskan District of Herat, Bamyan, Nangarhar, Gardiz and Kandahar provinces
• Amendment of 42000 soldier positions to Non-Commissioned Officers (NCOs) in order to improve quality of police and institutionalize the experiences achieved by the soldiers during their activities. In addition, within one year, 16 thousand soldiers completed primary training and served as NCOs in the police ranks. This capacity was stood at 600 individuals per year in the country.
• Establishment of Counter Narcotics Police Academy
• Training and assigning of 82000 police forces across the country based on the organizational quotas and approved structure. Also increasing organizational capacity of the National Police to 125000 persons
• Creation of monetary fund to support police and equip them with modern weapons with cooperation of the US, Germany, and the EUPOL
• Establishment of Afghan National Civil Order Police with the capacity of 7000 police in the capital and provinces as well as equipping them with modern weapons
• Establishment of Afghan Border Police with the capacity of 12000 personnel for the control of borders
• Enhancing Criminal Police Department and establishing Center for Registration of Biometric Specifications and Identification of Afghan Citizens with the capacity to cover 40 million people
• Registration of personal identification of police personnel throughout the country and distribution of identification cards to them. Opening individual bank accounts for police officers and soldiers all over the country in order to transfer their salaries electronically to their accounts. This system of transferring salaries that was created with the cooperation of private and government banks’ network helps the police access welfare services and has decreased corruption in the salary section to its lowest level.
• Creating an information operation center for the police through a general emergency number (119) in order to help people contact the police easily; creating a mechanism for people’s observations on police behavior, and handling urgent cases.
• Installing surveillance cameras inside and at the entrance gates of Kabul City and creating a developed security control computer network in the capital.
• Making a plan for the interior ministry’s central building on the west of Kabul Airport in an area of 50 acres.
Minister Osmani received the Wazir Akbar Khan Medal and was praised in an official cabinet meeting for his honest services towards renewing and equipping the police and his efforts in improving security.
After the presidential elections in 2009, Minister Osmani was introduced by the President to the Wolesi Jirga to be approved as the Minister of Counter Narcotics. He was approved by the Parliament with 162 votes of confidence and was officially appointed as the Minister of Counter Narcotics.
He worked in this ministry until 26 October 2013 and some of his main important activities were as follows:
• Reviewing twice the national strategy of controlling narcotics in order to coordinate it with the changing conditions,
• Helping approve the counter narcotics law through parliament,
• Creating the CARD-F Program to strengthen rural economy and decreasing farmers’ independence on poppy cultivation. In this framework, there are 60 economic development packages which are to be implemented in 60 districts in 12 provinces across the country.
• Expanding the GPI (Good Practice Initiative) to prevent farmers from returning to poppy cultivation.
There have been planned 150 public welfare projects for $76 million under this program from which 80 projects have been implemented at a cost of $33.5 million, and the other 70 projects at a cost of $42.6 million are being implemented.
• Helping the ministry staff build their capacity,
• Establishing secondary units in provinces,
• Making policies for decreasing demand for narcotics, treating addicts, implementing the law, regional cooperation, and alternative livelihoods.
• Making the FOOD ZONE Program for Kandahar, Helmand, Uruzgan, Farah, Badakhshan, and Nangarhar to deliver alternative livelihood services to farmers and decreasing their dependence to poppy cultivation. Executive activities for implementing these programs in the provinces have started and are to be implemented in 2013 and 2014 and $20 million are going to be spent in this framework.
Minister Osmani studied mathematics and physics at Parwan Teacher Training Institute and has received his Bachelor of Science from that institute.
Minister Osmani is married and has four children who are living in Parwan, Afghanistan.